Select the location of the laboratory
The laboratory may not even be located in residential areas or written consent from the building owner.
The lab is better off not to be surrounded by places where there is noise and tension.
The lab of the hospital is better located near or inside the hospital so that it does not have much to do with the hospitals. Emergency labs or night and night hospital laboratories should be located where clinicians can visit patients or send sample departments easily.
Area and space
Sufficient and suitable space for the laboratory and its various departments are estimated in terms of the volume of work, the variety of tests, the number of equipment, the number of employees and the amount of use of automation systems.
Physical conditions and building installations
The height of the laboratory ceiling is at least 240 centimeters.
The floor of the laboratory should be washable and preferably freeze, the presence of foam in the washing room and microbiology is mandatory.
The width of the main doors and internal doors should be large that the equipment and laboratory furniture can be easily removable.
The laboratory needs to have plumbing for hot and cold water, with proper pressure.
The gas piping system of the laboratory must be standard, necessary safety precautions should be followed and enough gas is to be embedded in the laboratory.
If the gas capsule is used, the capsules should be placed in a safe and comfortable place, ventilated, away from heat sources and close to the place of use.
The laboratory must have a ventilation system that is suitable for preventing the accumulation of toxic fumes and gases in the laboratory’s general area, well-controlled temperature, equipment and the safety of workers and visitors.
In large laboratories, appropriate communication systems such as a telephone can be used.
Laboratory windows should be laced to prevent the ingestion of rodents and insects to the laboratory.
Fluorescent lamps are available with different temperatures and colors and it is recommended to use it in the covered work area. Approximately, there are two fluorescent lamps in each 6 m 2 sufficient to provide laboratory light.
Emergency lighting system should be used at the patient’s admission and passageway and outlet path for the safety of people when power outages occur.