Parasitology, is a study of the external and internal form and the evolution of the parasites and the way of transmitting to humans and animals. Parasite is said to be an organism that is temporarily or permanently living on the exterior or in the body of another living organism and It takes advantage of this life.
Despite of many studies and actions in the field of parasitic diseases and the fight against them in the world, parasitic diseases are still a major health and economic problem in most countries, especially in developing and underdeveloped countries, due to various causes Such as poverty, malnutrition, illiteracy, and the outbreak of the population, lack of respect for health and … In developed countries, some parasitic infections, especially single-cell infections, have high rate of prevalence. Since parasitic diseases often have a chronic course and are less associated with clinical signs and symptoms, it is possible that the infected person may become carriers in the after-image after apparent improvement and without any clinical symptoms and act as an infectious source for healthy people. Children are more susceptible to these parasites due to the lower level of immunity and more contact with soil and contaminated materials, as well as non-compliance with the basic health standards. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the promise of parasitic diseases, the ways of preventing them, and their accurate and accurate diagnosis.
Parasitology tests that are done, are as:
- Smear for Leishman Body
- Smear for malaria
- Stool OP
- Occult Blood
- Scotch tape test
- Stool Ph
- Sudan III (Fat)
- Toxoplasma Ab (IgG) (ECL)
- Toxoplasma Ab (IgM) (ECL)
- Echinococcus Ab (EIA)
Collect the stool samples for test:
- The stool sample should be fresh.
- The sample should be placed in a special container. The container should be tight maintain the moisture content of the sample.
- The stool sample should not be contaminated with urine or water because urine can destroy the fosoids.
- Materials used for radiography such as barium or substances such as mineral oils, laxatives, antioxidants, bismuth and some antibiotics such as tetracycline have not been consumed for at least a week before sampling because they interfere with the separation of intestinal parasites. They do.
- In cases where quantitative or qualitative measurements of fat in the requested stool are required, the patient should not use suppositories or supplements before collecting specimens.
- The date and time of collection of the sample must be recorded.